Nationals Institutes and CRCs
The Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped was established on 9th August, 1983 under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. The Institute has been established for manpower development, research, clinical and therapeutic services, outreach and extension services for the persons with hearing disabilities.
The Institute is responsible for development of manpower by undertaking or sponsoring the training of trainees and teachers, employment officers, psychologists, vocational counselors and such other personnel as may be deemed necessary by the Institute for promoting the education, training or rehabilitation of the hearing handicapped. The Institute sponsors, coordinates and subsidizes research into all aspects of the education and rehabilitation of the hearing handicapped. It is also developing model services for rehabilitation of the hearing handicapped.
The Government has set up this new Institute at the total project cost of Rs.61.90 crores comprising of land cost of Rs.39.20 crores (notional), non-recurring cost of Rs.18.10 crores and a recurring cost of Rs. 4.60 crores. Government of Tamil Nadu has provided the land for this Institute. Government of India is providing the financial support for construction of the building of the Institute and other activities. The Institute has started clinical services and short-term training programmes for caregivers from July 2005.
NIRTAR, originally, started as an adjunct Unit of ALIMCO, Kanpur, NIRTAR was registered in 1984 under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 as a National Institute. The aims and objectives of the Institute are human resources development, implementation of service delivery programmes, research and outreach programmes.
It undertakes, sponsors or coordinates training for rehabilitation personnel and conducts research on bio-medical engineering and surgical or medical subjects for orthopaedically handicapped. The Institute produces and distributes aids and appliances. It develops models of service delivery programmes for rehabilitation. NIRTAR also undertakes vocational training, placement and rehabilitation of the physically handicapped.
National Institute for the Orthopaedically Handicapped was established in Kolkata in the year 1978. It was registered in April, 1982, under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. The mission of the Institute is to develop human resources for providing rehabilitation services to persons with locomotor disabilities, providing of services in rehabilitation, restorative surgery, aids/appliances etc.
The National Centre for the Blind was upgraded as National Institute for Visually Handicapped in July, 1979. It was registered as an autonomous Institution under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 in October, 1982. The objective of the Institute is to conduct, sponsor and coordinate all aspects of education for rehabilitation of persons with visual disabilities and coordinate research in these areas. The Institutes also assisted in running a Composite Regional Centre (CRC) for persons with disabilities at Sundernagar in Himachal Pradesh.
The Institute was registered in the year 1984 under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 as an autonomous body under the administrative control of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. The Institute has been established with the objective to prepare human resources equipped to deliver services through quality models of rehabilitation, based on life cycle needs.
The Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Institute for the Physically Handicapped (IPH), New Delhi was set up on 12th November, 1976 under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. The major objective of the Institute is to develop trained manpower for rehabilitation of persons with orthopaedically disabled persons, provide outreach services and research.
To overcome the lack of adequate facilities for rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities, the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment has set up seven Composite Regional Centres for Persons with Disabilities at Srinagar (J&K), Sundernagar (Himachal Pradesh), Lucknow (U.P.), Bhopal (M.P.), Guwahati (Assam), Patna (Bihar), Ahmedabad (Gujarat) and Kozhikode (Kerala) to provide both preventive and promotional aspects of rehabilitation like education, health, employment and vocational training, research and manpower development, rehabilitation for persons with disabilities etc.
As per the 2011 Census, hearing handicapped persons numbered about 50 lakh of the total population of the country. The needs of the deaf community have long been ignored and the problems have been documented by various organizations working for the deaf. Obsolete training methodology and teaching systems need urgent attention.
The Indian Spinal Injury Centre (ISIC), New Delhi, a Non-government Organisation, provides comprehensive rehabilitation management services to patients with spinal cord injuries and related ailments. These include intervention in the form of reconstructive surgery, stabilization operations, physical rehabilitation, psycho-social rehabilitation and vocational rehabilitation services.